Update: 08.12.2017

There are over 100,000 different types of soil in the world.

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The International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) is the global union of soil scientists. The objectives of the IUSS are to promote all branches of soil science, and to support all soil scientists across the world in the pursuit of their activities. This website provides information for IUSS members and those interested in soil science.

International Conference on Element Balances as a Tool for Sustainable Land Management

The meeting was held in Tirana, Albania, from the 13th to the 19th of March 2005. It was organized jointly by the University of Agriculture of Tirana, the Albanian Institute of Soil Science, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETH), the Swiss Federal Research Station for Agroecology and Agriculture (FAL) and the Division 4 of the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS). It was funded jointly by the Albanian Ministry of Agriculture, the Albanian Ministry of Environment, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment, Landscape and Forest, the Swiss Development Cooperation Agency, and the Division 4 of the International Union of Soil Sciences. The meeting gathered 90 participants from 18 countries: Albania (44), Austria (2), Belgium (1), Czech Republic (4), France (5), Germany (2), Hungary (4), Iran (1), Italy (2), Latvia (1), Lithuania (1), Netherlands (2), Romania (2), Russia (3), Serbia and Montenegro (4), Slovakia (1), Switzerland (8) and USA (3). During the meeting 30 oral presentations were given by world wide recognized experts and 32 posters were presented. Each oral and poster presentation was followed by intense discussion and exchange of ideas. The organization of 4 working groups allowed all the participants to contribute to the discussion. Overheads of the oral presentations, the working groups conclusions and the final conclusions including recommendations to policy makers and researchers are available on the website of the division 4 of the IUSS and on the web site of the group of plant nutrition of the ETH Zurich www.pe.ipw.agrl.ethz.ch